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Patent/IP in Russia

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Patent/IP in Russia

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Intellectual Property in Russia

For a list of Patent Attorneys, please click on the 'Patent Attorneys in Russia' tab located above.

Intellectual Property, or IP, as it is colloquially called, is characterised as legal protection for commercially precious products of human intellect. There are, generally, three forms of IP: patents, copyrights and trademarks. Although these articles are similar many some ways, they each have individual idiosyncrasies and definitions which make them unique. Perhaps most importantly, there is no physicality to intellectual property. If effectively safeguards an intangible idea or process.

Patents

Generally speaking, patents are granted to inventors for inventions. These can include anything from machinery, tools, processes, chemicals, biotechnology, software, etc.

To qualify for a patent, an inventor must invariably create something that is:

  • Of patentable matter
  • Unique to patentee
  • Merited and can be utilised
  • Innovative
  • Non-obvious

Under a patent, the patentee reserves the right stop or limit others from utilising and trading the invention. Without explicit permission from the patentee, persons using the patent in any of these ways are infringing, and could be subjected to legal action.

Patents can be granted to individuals or legal entities. Patents must register with the State Patent Office (RosPatent). Patents may be registered by the inventor or by a delegated applicant. The maximum duration of patent protection is 20 years from the date of application.

Trademarks

Trademarks are used to denote epithets, logos, symbols, slogans, etc, that are individual to a business and product. Fundamentally, the things that distinguish your product or service from a competitor's. Businesses understandably go to endless lengths to have control over their trademarks. Therefore, any persons found infringing upon them through unlawful use could be subject to legal action.

Famous examples of trademarks are Coca Cola and McDonald's.

The protection and registration of trade marks is governed by the Federal Law on Trademarks, Service Marks and Appellations of Origin of the Goods. Legal protection is granted only after registration. The initial period of registration is 10 years from the day of registration which can be extended by successive of 10 year periods.

Copyright

Copyright gives someone to sell and reproduce a protected product, which is invariably printed work. Things like books, magazines, websites, photographs, music, film and art are common examples of copyrighted work. Copyright denotes five rights of the author, artist, etc: reproduction, distribution, adaptation, performance and display. Use of such materials or works without the explicit permission of the copyright holder is classed as infringement, and persons doing so could be subject to legal action.

Registration Office
ROSPATENT
Bld. 30-1
Berezhkovskaya Nab G-59
GSP-3
Moscow
Russia
Tel: +7 499 243 3337
Fax: +7 499 240 6015

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