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Starting a Business in Canada


Starting a Business in Canada

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Why Start A Business In Canada?

If Canada has one thing, it's space. It is the second largest country in the world in terms of landmass, but has a comparatively small population of only 33 million. Plenty of leg-room, then. The rest of Canada is made up of immeasurable, natural vastness. Scenic gaps are painted with poignant topography, peaks, summits, contours, deltas, banks, beasts, valleys and vegetation. It is one of Nature's finest self-portraits.

It is much more fitting to see Canada as our neighbour to the west rather than America's to the north. It has one of those cultures that adopts all the great things about America, Europe and England and refines them. The English, in particular, have had a long and coiled relationship with Canada. Its history, to us, is that of new world mysticism, exotica, colonialism and conflict. The French forgot a load of baggage there too. Trust us to export 1000 years of Anglo-Franco hostilities 3000 miles across the world to Canada.

But our link to the past is our bridge to the future and we have remained inextricably entwined by history, Kings, Queens, culture and commerce ever since. The UK is Canada's primary trading partner in Europe and over 700 English companies now call it home, operating in all sectors of industry. Things are sweeter than a maple tree.

Canada's natural resources run as deep as its waterfalls. It is all mining, pumping, fishing and farming. Man made industry is equally robust, with machinery, motors, plastics, and plenty of investment and blue collar opportunity. There is a comparatively high unemployment rate in Canada (6%), but it paradoxically maintains a high level of education. But this is a social and demographic problem of ratios, prolific baby-boomers, pink slips versus job growth and demand outweighing necessity. Another thing it implies, however, is that there is an untapped, adroit workforce, eager to put their noses to the grindstone.

Canada is an entrepreneurial Eden. Risks are low and advantages are high, which is the fundamental balancing-act of all business and venture. So if you are ready to make a leap of across the pond, Canada may just be the perfect place to land.

Living & Working in Canada (Living and Working)

What are the currency and the exchange rate?

The currency of Canada is Canadian dollars (CAD). The Canadian dollar is one of the eighth most-traded currency in the world.

What's the climate and weather like in Canada?

The Canadian climate varies depending on the location as Canada is such a vast country. Winter can be very cold in many regions of Canada, making great skiing conditions.

The seasons are similar of the UK.

  • Winter - December/January/February
  • Spring - March/April/May
  • Summer - June/July/August
  • Autumn (Fall) - September/October/November

What's the popoulation?

The population of Canada is 35.31 million

Economic Overview

Canada is the largest producers of zinc and uranium. Off the Atlantic coast, Canada has a huge amount of natural gas and oil resources. Canada is one of the world's largest suppliers of zinc, uranium, gold, nickel, lead and aluminium, wheat and canola (amongst many other grains). Other important industries are automobiles and aeronautics.

The last decade has seen GDP growth of 2.7% per annum. There are also low inflation rates in Canada of 2.4%.

As small businesses are such an important part of the Canadian economy, the Federal Government provides funding via grants and loans. Entrepreneurship is also supported and encouraged in Canada. Here are some of the organisations that administer the funding. They include:

  • Community Futures Development Corporations
  • Industry Canada (Small Business Financing Program (CSBF)
  • Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency
  • The Business Development Bank Of Canada
  • Human Resources and Social Development

Canada has several trade agreements with other countries.

  • Free trade agreement with the United States of America
  • Free trade agreement with Israel
  • Free trade agreement with Costa Rica
  • Free trade agreement with the European Association.
  • Free trade agreement with Chile
  • Talks in progress for free trade agreements with South Korea, Jordan, Singapore, Dominican Republic, Central America, CARICOM (Caribbean Community) and the Andean Community (Peru talks concluded)

What are the essentials to know?


Unemployment in Canada is low.

Job Bank is a service provided by the Canadian government to find a job or advertise a position in your company. It is an electronic listing of jobs.

As an employer, you can either write your own contract for your employees or use the HRSDC sample contract. It should include:

  • Employer details
  • Employee details
  • Contract duration
  • Job Description
  • Working hours/wages/deductions/expenses
  • Hospital and Medical Care Insurance (what's included)
  • Notice of Resignation
  • Notice of Termination of Employment
  • Appropriate signatures

The minimum wage in Canada differs according to Province. There are lists of pay rates for different jobs in different provinces. Annual leave is 3 weeks. If a holiday is worked then another day's holiday will be given. For all aspects of employment visit the Human Resources and Social Development Canada website

Click here to Ask an Expert about Starting a Business in Canada

Organisations that can assist with Starting a Business

  • > SafeGuard World International

    Whether you are entering a new market and have yet to establish a business entity, or you have been in a country market for some time; whether you have one worker or thousands of employees, SafeGuard World International can help. We can support you during every stage of your journey with global payroll, contingent labor, global recruitment and a variety of multinational HR consulting and professional services.

    More Details Visit Website
  • > Precision Global Consulting

    Entering a new market can be expensive, time-consuming, and expose your business to unnecessary risk. PGC partners with businesses of all sizes to mitigate that risk and outsource the responsibility of employing a workforce overseas.

    More Details Visit Website
  • > Worldbox Business Intelligence

    Worldbox is a long-established and trusted provider of business, due diligence and credit information.

    More Details Visit Website
  • > TBA & Associates

    TBA & Associates – Tax Business Advisors Ltd is a leading provider of Tailor-made solutions for wealth preservation and Tax efficient structures To facilitate cross-border transactions

    More Details Visit Website
  • > Instant Offices

    Finding office space abroad poses one of the most difficult changes that many start-ups face. Location, costs, and transport all need to be considered. And, more crucially of all, what office will allow a new business to attract and retain the best staff?

    More Details Visit Website
  • > Blue Marble Global Payroll

    We do payroll there. We can do it anywhere. Many companies with global employees find that payroll can be a stressful part of doing business overseas. Finding a reliable payroll company, faxing and emailing multiple payroll spreadsheets each month, and treasury management are just some of the obstacles

    More Details Visit Website
  • > Global Training Partners

    GTP cross cultural trainings and intercultural workshops help global companies in improving their communication, efficiency and profitability when doing business across cultures.

    More Details Visit Website
  • > Redesmere

    Caught out by Brexit? Concerned about Trump’s unpredictability?

    More Details Visit Website

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